Mayan dating system

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One example is the observatory at Xochicalco, which, although not considered an exclusively Mayan city, certainly had Mayan influence.The observatory is an underground chamber with a hole in the ceiling.The Maya were expert at predicting solar phenomena such as eclipses, solstices, and equinoxes, as well as determining when the sun reached its apex.

The Maya were aware of the planets in the solar system—Venus, Mars, Saturn, and Jupiter—and tracked their movements.Archaeologist Prudence Rice has argued that the Maya even structured their governments based in part on the requirements of tracking astronomy.The Maya believed that the Earth was the center of all things, fixed and immovable.Many events in Maya life were planned to coincide with certain celestial moments.For example, a war might be delayed until the gods were in place, or a ruler might ascend to the throne of a Mayan city-state only when a certain planet was visible in the night sky.

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