Dating wing nuts
For a nail to hold, it would have had to be driven through the front of the drawer.The same was true for hinges used under a table leaf. Archimedes, the Greek scholar and mathematician of the third century B.I've been neglecting the WNMC site, so in order to keep it current it's moving. One of the most overlooked and least understood clues in establishing the date and authenticity of older and antique furniture is the story that screws can tell about the history of a piece.
This was usually done in laborious fashion with a file.The screw on the right is a modern gimlet screw, post 1848, with tapered shaft, even threads, pointed tip and centered slot. The handmade nails of the period derived much of their holding power from the ability to drive the nail through two surfaces and bend it over on the back side, i.e. But that solution would not work for securing the top on a chest of drawers or table top without either driving a nail through the top from above or clinching it on the top to hold it fast.The same problem arose while trying to affix a lock to the back side of a drawer.In this process, “round” was a relative term since very few hand hammered objects of iron are perfectly round.When a suitable degree of “roundness” was achieved, the hot shaft was jammed into a form on the anvil, similar to the swage block used in making the hammered head of the rose head nail.